When the best time to plant hedges and what is is the best time to cut them? We talk about it in our article.
Hedges are always welcome in the garden; in addition to having an aesthetic function, they also have a practice, in fact they guarantee a little privacy from the prying eyes of neighbors or passers-by and delimit the boundaries.
In addition, those who have a lot of space can also create a nice labyrinth. And if you are good, you can give hedges particular shapes. In short, the possibilities are many but the premise is to take care of them.
To do this, you need, among other things, the best hedge trimmer . In hedge care, cutting is an important issue. You should know that different techniques are adopted depending on the age, type and conditions of the hedge.
Cutting is an even more delicate matter in the first years of a hedge’s life because it stimulates growth and intensity.
When to plant the hedge
Before we worry about how to maintain our hedges, let’s see when to plant them. The period suitable for planting hedges is quite wide: it goes from autumn to early spring.
First you need to prepare the soil with natural fertilizer, work it in depth. If you realize that the soil is hard and therefore poorly draining, add sand to soften it.
Doing so will also favor its oxygenation. At this point the path along which to plant the hedges must be prepared.
It is advisable to plant rather young hedges because these take root better in the ground and it is easier to give them the desired shape. Take great care to plant the plants at a distance sufficient to prevent them from hindering each other as they grow.
The maintenance cut
Before we worry about real pruning, let’s talk about maintenance cutting which is different. With this cut you can shape the hedge but also make it grow thicker. Let’s see what this cut consists of, how it is practiced. It is a straight cut that affects new shoots that need to be shortened by 10, maximum 15 centimeters.
Depending on the type of hedges, one or more maintenance cuts may be required, depending on the growth. The best time for maintenance cutting is when the shoots are ripe.
In this case it is good to use a hedge trimmer with reduced cutting thickness considering that young and therefore thin branches must be cut.
We can distinguish two types of pruning: the light one and the strong one. The first type of pruning involves the shortening of ⅔ of fruiting shoots and the elimination of competing shoots. The benefit is all for the new shoots that thus acquire greater strength. Strong pruning is used for arboreal hedges.
The best period for a strong pruning is at the beginning of the year and must be done every 12 months. It is clear that the more you decide to go into depth of pruning, the greater the thickness of the branches, so consider carefully the cutting thickness that your hedge trimmer must have.
There are cases in which a radical cut is needed which in technical jargon is called caprication. When the hedges are quite old with the years, they deform and thin out: in this case, to rejuvenate them, you need to cut to the thickest stump. This will allow the hedge to grow back more vigorously than before.
The picking must be done in winter but never with temperatures of -5 °. For such a cut you need a hedge trimmer with a suitable cutting thickness.
The care of hedges according to the season
With the arrival of spring, the buds are ripe, taking advantage of a day with a pleasant climate and after being sure that there is no danger of frost during the night, you can make the so-called spring cut that stimulates the growth of buds and increases the density of the hedge. A second cut can be made in August.
Between spring and summer, in the case of young hedges, the water must be administered with a certain constancy while for the old hedges there is no need as the roots are found in depth. In autumn, a maintenance cut is made and if you give a shape to the hedge, it will remain so until the spring when the shoots emerge.
In winter, in the case of the so-called deciduous hedges you can make a strong pruning but be careful not to cut the hedge if the temperatures settle on -5 °. Strong pruning must be done by March at the latest in order to ensure good sprouting in the spring.